How to Choose a Fishing Rod [The Complete Guide of Fishing Rod]

In fishing, as in other sports, having the right gear is crucial. Rod makers have designed rods to cast particular baits farther and more precisely thanks to a vast range of bait selections and approaches. They have also taken into account other aspects to offer the angler. A skilled angler can now select the best tool for the job.

Whether new to fishing or a seasoned angler, buying a new rod can be exhilarating and intimidating. You have undoubtedly heard or had the notion that a fishing rod is simply a stick. However, I can guarantee you that the answer is far more difficult to comprehend than the notion. But do not let that stop you; I am here to assist.

To purchase a rod, all you need is a good idea of what you are fishing for and the location you will be spending most of your time in. Depending on how you fish, you may only use specific rods. If you plan to fish in shallow streams and rivers, for instance, a lightweight spinning rod will be considerably more suitable than a heavy surf rod.

Before you go out to purchase a fishing rod, here is all the information you need to have:

Fishing rod terms


This explains to what extent the rod bends when pressure is applied to the head. A quick action rod deflects in the upper third; a midrange action rod does so in the upper half, while a slow action deflects from the bottom third. Slow-movement rods are also referred to as parabolic, implying that the deflection is consistent across its length.


It refers to the rod’s tensile strength or lifting capacity. When an individual says that a rod has much backbone, they are referring to strength. Line strength is strongly tied to power; more enormous power rods will withstand heavier line loads, while lesser powers will manage lightweight lengths.


Taper refers to the width of the rod and the diameter of the blank’s side and where the reduced substance is utilized along the blank’s length, enabling further deflection. In this context, the taper is synonymous with action.

Rod material to choose from

Rod components significantly influence efficiency; therefore, deciding the one to use will impact your fishing efficiency.


These rods are a more lightweight option than fiberglass rods. Graphite rods are well-deservedly popular, although they appear to draw a lot of misunderstandings.

The IM6, IM7, and IM8 marks are possibly visible on a graphite rod if you look closely. Various elasticity degrees, also known as modulus, are denoted by these terms. The tougher the fabric, the greater the modulus. In other terms, a company can use less substance to attain similar stiffness using more robust graphite. That implies you will need a lighter rod. The common misperception is that the IM8 is more inelastic than the IM6. The truth is both rods will have similar rigidity, although the IM8 will be the lightest of the pair.

Graphite rods possess the advantage of being extremely sensitive to bites. That, together with reduced weight, makes casting and retrieving enjoyable. However, they are more fragile than steel rods since they are firmer. A further disadvantage is a cost that is usually higher than a fiberglass rod of similar quality.

Fiberglass rods

Fiberglass fishing rods have been there for a long time in the industry. These rods are tough and durable, and they can withstand a lot of beating. They are also simple to create, making them reasonably priced.

Fiberglass rods are a fantastic choice for beginner anglers because of their durability and low cost. However, there is a cost to employing them. These rods offer limited input due to their malleable nature, making lighter bites challenging to detect. They are also quite heavy, which makes them less than ideal for long-distance fishing.

Composite rods

If you are an angler who prioritizes efficiency over anything else, fiberglass and graphite rods will not cut it. Composite materials play a role in this.

Composite fishing rods made up of graphite and fiberglass provide all the versatility you want without increasing weight or sacrificing sensitivity. They are a fantastic option if you are accustomed to angling a range of various waterways because of their versatility. Composite rods are, as you might assume, the most expensive option. There is no doubt whether they bring the fish on board; the question is whether the additional cost is worth it to you.

Length of the rod

The length of the rod, calculated from the tip to the butt of the shaft, has a significant effect on casting capability. Shorter rods will cast shorter distances, whereas larger rods will cast longer distances.

Shorter rods have less flex, which is a plus when combating tougher fish species; longer rods have more flex, which is a con when battling more robust fish. On the other hand, longer rods allow a much larger cast distance, which is ideal for angling deep open water.

Type of Action

One of the most important aspects of a fishing pole’s efficacy is its action. The rod’s form and substance determine action, and it determines how much and where your rod bends. The pace at which the rod returns from “loaded” to its original position is likewise controlled by action.

Heavy action

Rods with a fast action curve at the top, just below the tip. They are extremely sensitive to even the tiniest nibbles, transmitting vibrations directly to your palm. Fast rods are helpful for a powerful hook setup because they can snap back rapidly.

Single hooks, worms, and massive jigs all work nicely with fast-action rods. Fast-action rods help bring fish out of deep cover because of their fast-moving tips and powerful backbones.

Moderate action

The top part of the pole bends on moderate action rods. They have good hook-setting and response skills, as well as the ability to cast a long distance. Medium action rods work nicely with numerous setups since they move a little slower than fast action rods. They also allow the fish to bite for extended periods.

That is not to say that single hooks are not acceptable. It is just that moderate action rods provide you with more options. You can capture both vast and little fish, and test out a variety of various water bodies, thanks to versatility.

Slow action

Light action poles are flexible up to the rod’s tip, making combating even the tiniest animal a lot of fun. You will adore these if you enjoy fishing for panfish or trout.

Slow-action rods provide very spectacular throws. When casting, though, you must match the size of the bait to the rod. Use the tiniest lure that permits you to create a decent cast as a general rule.

Slow-action rods have the disadvantage of being more challenging to place the hook with. The curve in the rod, unlike rapid action rods, forces you to pull back further when the fish strikes. Keeping the proper volume of tension on the catch is much simpler once the hook is in place.

Types of rods

Surf rods

Surf rods are made particularly for people who love wading in the water. Most people will use long spinning rods, and many people who only go surf fishing will acquire one of these specialized rods.

Spinning rods

Spinning rods come in every imaginable length, taper, price, or combo of these and are well adapted to a wide range of fishing applications. Find a spinning rod that stays straight when placed horizontally, with no twists or variations, as an excellent beginning point. To balance the weight of a reel, there should be a pleasant weight with a tiny weight at the tip.

Fly rods

Fly rods are made of a range of materials, including graphite and fiberglass, and bamboo. Bamboo rods are often more expensive and should only be used by the most dedicated fly anglers.

Spin casting rods

Spinning rods are often shorter than regular rods, with smaller guides and lighter weight for use with light lines. The reel will be set on the rod, with the guides and handle in place.

Many expert anglers believe them to be relatively low-quality rods, which is why they are targeted at youngsters and beginning anglers.

Baitcasting rods

These have been created with baitcasting reels in mind. Rods are often stronger, longer, and heavier than others. Baitcasting rods come in various sizes and tapers, and they are ideal for various fishing techniques.

When shopping for a baitcasting rod, ensure sure it is devoid of flaws and has a smooth finish. There should be plenty of guides; however, the tip weight should not be as offset as a spinning rod. You should always test the balance and weight alleviation of any rod you consider purchasing by attaching a reel to it.

The right rod power

Power is a rod’s capacity to endure tension and is closely linked to rod action. As you might expect, thicker rods are excellent for more giant species, whereas lightweight rods are preferable for tiny fish.

Going by a similar rationale, use thicker lines with heavier poles and lighter ones with lighter poles. Although you should strive to stay as close to the marks on the pole blanks as possible, there is some wiggle room herein. If you use a hefty rod, the line may snap. If you use a heavy line, the rod may suffer the same fate.


It is not easy to know how to pick a fishing rod. There is a lot to think about, mainly if this is your first time buying one. The excellent thing is that knowing what you want to do with your rod will save you a lot of guessing.

Hopefully, this article has helped you understand how to choose a fishing rod correctly, and you now feel more prepared for your next trip to the local fishing store. With this information, I am convinced that you will select the ideal fishing rod for your requirements.

Leave a Comment